KUCHING, Sarawak, 1 February 2023: I am not an outdoors kind of person. Trekking? Hiking? Rafting of all sorts? These terms are non-existent in my vocabulary.

Somehow life can hand you the most unexpected of opportunities, such as a work trip that landed me at the main gateway to Kampung Peraya, Padawan, after about a 30-minute drive from Kuching City.

The main gateway to Kampung Peraya (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

Situated 13km from the city, Kampung Peraya is home to villagers of the Bidayuh ethnicity, also known as Land Dayaks, that makeup almost 10% of Sarawak’s population. The Bidayuhs are the second biggest ethnic group in Sarawak after the Ibans.

Upon arrival at the Peraya Homestay at noon, its owner and our guide Valentine Ritong welcomed us warmly and proceeded to usher us to our ‘home’ for the night.

Okay, here comes the tricky part.  To get to the homestay, you must cross the Sirin River on a bamboo bridge.  With every wary yet mindful step, we crossed it to reach Valentine’s 10-room longhouse. 

The bamboo bridge to get to Peraya Homestay (Photo: Rossalynn Ismail)

The longhouse, surrounded by luscious greenery, lets its visitors have a glimpse of how the Bidayuhs of the past lived their lives – going up the stairs carved out of ‘kayu belian’ or ironwood (a rare timber native to Borneo) after a tiring day manning their crops and chilling at the open-spaced veranda whilst enjoying nature.

The authentic Bidayuh longhouse, our ‘home’ amidst the greenery (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

The circular rattan craftsmanship on the longhouse ceiling is somewhat like a visual metaphor for the Bidayuh tenacity in going about everyday life. From an interior design perspective, the circular shapes of the rattan help create balance and harmony with the contrasting geometric lines of the longhouse. What is even more spectacular is that, according to Valentine, they were all made by hand.

The circular-designed rattans on the ceiling of Peraya Homestay (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

Jungle Trekking to Muan Tabi Waterfall

The signage shows the way to the waterfall. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

After settling in at our designated rooms, we were served delectable vegetable and chicken dishes for lunch.  After a much-needed post-lunch break, we headed out to start the jungle trekking adventure to Muan Tabi waterfall.  The trail’s starting point was an area with lines of pepper trees with ripening peppercorns.

Lines of pepper trees with ripening peppercorns at the starting area of the jungle trekking trail (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

Jungle trekking at Kampung Peraya is quite challenging for novice hikers.  The trail’s unpredictable landscape takes you on a roller-coaster-like hiking experience – at some parts, it is a straight walk on solid ground, then suddenly, you reach a point where you need to climb a modest hill. Then, slowly and carefully, you position your feet one step after another, making your way on the narrow-winded trails. Also, once in a while, you will need to cross small streams and climb over fallen branches on the ground. 

Trekking and hiking in action at Kampung Peraya’s jungle trail. (Photo by Melintan Ina)

Our trekking journey took a little detour as Valentine brought us to a shed that housed several human skulls – their “enemies of the past”.  Named Panggah Jengga (Panggah House), it is a sacred site for the entire village.  It is a known fact that in the olden times, the native tribes of Sarawak used to chop off the heads of their enemies and apart from being regarded as trophies, the skulls are also used for ritual purposes.

When asked why the skulls were white in colour, Valentine explained that after a warrior chopped off the enemy’s head, he would need to stay around the forest for several days and place the severed head in the river, thus resulting in the human flesh to be completely washed away and cleared out.  Only after completing this ritual could he return to their village and be welcomed grandiosely by the villagers. The headhunting ritual in Sarawak came to a stop when Sir James Brooke, the first White Rajah, banned the practice in the 1800s.

The human skulls kept at Rumah Panggah. (Photo by Melintan Ina)

For a non-hiker like me, the trekking indeed pushed my physical limits.  We were almost at the end of our hike when Valentine, a master trekker way ahead of us, yelled out to announce that we had reached the waterfall.  The sight of the secluded Muan Tabi waterfall was stunning, a glorious reward after an arduous trek.  Valentine said the water is so pure from the top of the hill that it is safe to drink, and the waterfall’s calming pool seemed to beckon us to jump in and savour its invigorating freshness.

The invigorating charm of Muan Tabi waterfall (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

After more than two hours and about 6 km, our trekking ended. Valentine and my trekking mates congratulated me for completing the journey, a feat I would have never thought I could accomplish.  Yes, it was gruelling for me, but looking back and thinking of the beautiful surroundings and breath-taking wonders of nature I witnessed along the way, all the weariness and fatigue disappeared.  They say that nature is the best healer, and after the trek, I concur wholeheartedly. 

One of the magnificent views one can witness along Kampung Peraya jungle trail. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

Bamboo Rafting Along Sirin River @ Kampung Peraya

Let me be honest. I was utterly nervous before going for the bamboo rafting activity. Still, I was assured by our tour guide Valentine that it would be an unforgettable experience – and he was right!

The bamboo rafting activity started at around 0900. We were welcomed by the scenic beauty of the shallow yet incredibly calm river.  The line of bamboo trees with branches full of leaves along the riverbank created a majestic canopy, shielding us from the glaring sun.

The starting point of the bamboo rafting at Sirin River, with a canopy of leaves along the riverbank. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

While we were admiring the cool and clear atmosphere, the staff of Peraya Homestay were busy preparing our rafts.  Ten rows of freshly-cut bamboo were lined up evenly and tied with nylon strips.  It may just be bamboo and nylon strips but one raft could carry up to 8 people! Looking at how skilled and fast they were at building them, one of the staff named Dennis said he had learned how to build rafts when he was very young.

Dennis (right) and his colleague tie the freshly-cut bamboo together to build a solid raft. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

Once the bamboo rafts were ready, so were we, as we hopped on to them and sat on specially-made small chairs, designed by Valentine, that were attached to the raft.  Valentine said he built them to ensure that his customers could experience the journey comfortably.  With a forceful nudge, the raft we were on began to glide along on the calm water.  Along the journey, Dennis showcased his prowess in manoeuvring the raft using a single bamboo, navigating his way through a familiar route.   For someone who has lived at Kampung Peraya all his life, Dennis knows every crook and corner of the river.

Dennis navigated our raft using a bamboo pole along the Sirin River. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

For most of the journey, the river is so serene and the rafting so smooth that you feel completely relaxed.  With the soothing sounds when the water hits the rocks, added to the lush green surroundings, I let myself be immersed in the therapeutic ambience, leaving all the concerns and worries of my everyday life behind.

Yet, due to the shallow waters, the raft gets stuck on big rocks, so we have to disembark from the raft, and our paddlers push the raft to deeper water.

When the going gets tough, you have got to get down and push forward. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

As noon approached, of course, lunch was on our minds.  As part of the authentic Bidayuh village experience, Valentine and his team had a wonderful surprise for us. Without us realising, they had caught two fish and, during the journey, had made several stops to gather bamboo shoots, daun ipis (leaves for cooking and eating), lemongrass, tepus (local wild ginger), tapioca leaves and many other fresh ingredients to be used in the cooking later. Once we reached the spot for lunch, Valentine and his team immediately got their cooking up and running.

Dennis showed us how to prepare and cook rice in bamboo. First, he laid out the cleaned rice on to a daun ipis, before folding it and slotting it into the bamboo, to be cooked over an open fire. Not just the rice, but all our lunch was cooked in bamboo tubes, a technique known locally as ‘pansoh’. What was on the menu? The ones cooked ‘ala pansoh was chicken with tempoyak (fermented durian), fish, bamboo shoots and paku uban (local fern), while the brinjals and chicken wings were grilled to perfection.

Lunch ‘ala pansoh in the making. (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

The result? An array of hot, succulent, delicately flavoured dishes, served in the Bidayuh traditional ‘tipakuoh’ (serving bowls made from sturdy sago fronds) on one of the bamboo rafts. The food was a sight to behold and was matched by its immaculate taste. More importantly, not a single drop of oil was used in the cooking.  Enjoying the freshest and healthiest food while sitting on a bamboo raft surrounded by the lush beauty of Sarawak’s nature? Something you must experience.

Lunch on a bamboo raft, anyone? (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

After lunch, we proceeded to the next half of our journey, making our way to the finish line, which is the Peraya Homestay site itself.  Maybe because everyone was so full from lunch earlier, the ride was rather quiet.  Knowing that the voyage was about to end, we were more attuned to our surroundings, focusing more on the wonders of nature that were engulfing us. 

A rare sight of the root of a bamboo tree (buluh betong), among the diverse fauna we saw during the bamboo rafting journey.  (Photo by Rossalynn Ismail)

Finally, we arrived at our homestay, marking the end of our bamboo rafting experience and also our stay at Kampung Peraya. The word ‘unforgettable’ is an understatement.  This journey has taught me that happiness and joy are not confined to malls or other urban dwellings but may come in abundance when you become one with nature. Thanks to Valentine, his team and Melintan, we have learned to appreciate that the simplest things can be the key to the richest of experiences.  So, for those seeking tranquillity and healing, I highly recommend Kampung Peraya as your next destination.

A group pose to mark the end of our bamboo rafting journey. Also in the photo is Valentine (standing, middle) with media friends from West Malaysia – Aiman (wearing a bucket hat), Timothy (giving a peace sign) and Wan Xiang (behind Timothy). (Photo by Melintan Ina)

By Rossalynn Ismail

(Your Stories: Sarawak Tourism Board)


  1. A holiday in Sarawak has been the highlight of my many travels. It is breathtaking beautiful and the people are kind and helpful. I went many many years ago, landed in Kuching in the most terrible storm, i found a small hotel and went about looking for a guide to take me to the jungle. I think it was thé Hôtel Hilton who found me Magdalena, who’s family were Iban. We rented a jeep and set off to the starting point of the Skrang river , from there a canoe was waiting. Off we went , stopping to meet the Penan people, finally arrived at the Iban village I was welcomed with enthusiasm, a young lady alone on her adventure. We slept in the longhouse for 2 nights, on the floor , and they entertained me with a myriad of delicious foods , took me hunting, exploring and bathing in the river. Best experience of my life,

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